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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-63

Atrial fibrillation post cardiac surgery trends toward management


Department of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Awad A.R. Alqahtani
Department of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3050, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-705X.73212

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Post operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is more common than before due to increased numbers of cardiac surgeries. This in turn is associated with increased incidence of post operative complication, length of hospital stay and subsequent increase the cost of hospitalization. Therefore preventing and/or minimizing atrial fibrillation by pharmacological or nonpharmacological means is a reasonable goal. POAF has also been associated with postoperative delirium and neurocognitive decline. The precise pathophysiology of POAF is unknown, however most of the evidence suggests it is multifactorial. Different risk factors have been reported, and many studies have evaluated the prophylactic effects of different interventions. This review article highlights the incidence, risk factors, and pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment strategies of POAF.


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