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Table of Contents
A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-23  

Marfan's syndrome


Department of Cardiology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, India

Date of Web Publication26-May-2012

Correspondence Address:
Aditya Kapoor
Department of Cardiology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow 226014
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1995-705X.96666

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How to cite this article:
Bhatia T, Kapoor A, Kumar S. Marfan's syndrome. Heart Views 2012;13:22-3

How to cite this URL:
Bhatia T, Kapoor A, Kumar S. Marfan's syndrome. Heart Views [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Jun 24];13:22-3. Available from: http://www.heartviews.org/text.asp?2012/13/1/22/96666

A 25-year-old young male presented with progressive shortness of breath and palpitations for 4 years. Clinical examination revealed a collapsing water-hammer pulse (100/min), BP 140/50/0 mm Hg and raised jugular venous pressure (5 cm above the sternal angle); on auscultation severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and mild mitral valve regurgitation (MR) was present. In addition, the patient had typical skeletal features of Marfan's syndrome with positive "wrist" and "thumb" sign [Figure 1]a and b. A transthoracic 2D echocardiography demonstrated aneurysmally dilated aortic root and ascending aorta, non-stenotic bicuspid aortic valve and severe AR. [Figure 2], [Videos 1] and [Video 2]. The proximal aorta was so enormously dilated that the left atrium was severely compressed and barely visible posterior to the aorta in the parasternal view. The aortic annulus, aortic arch, and descending aorta were all normal in size. Mitral valve prolapse with mild mitral valve regurgitation was also present. A 64-slice computed tomography (CT) examination confirmed the echocardiography findings of the generalized dilatation of ascending aorta [Figure 3]a and b.
Figure 1 a,b: Thumb (1a) and wrist sign (1b) in the patient with Marfans' syndrome highlighting the hyper-extensile joints

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Figure 2: 2 D echocardiogram demonstrating aneurysmally dilated aortic root

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Figure 3a: A 64-slice CT image demonstrating the generalized ascending aortic dilatation
Figure 3b: A 64-slice CT image demonstrating the generalized ascending aortic dilatation


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    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]


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