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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 125-132

A systematic review on the prevalence of acute myocardial infarction in Iran


1 Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2 Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3 Medical Library and Information Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Toba Kazemi
Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_71_17

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In Iran, cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death. We aimed to perform a systematic review on the prevalence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Iran based on Persian and English papers had been published from 1985 to 2015. Among 267 initially found articles, 142 were excluded; finally, a total number of 40 articles were found relevant which were reduced to 18. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia were the most common risk factors for AMI. Premature MI prevalence was high in men, and smoking was the most common risk factor among young people. People in urban areas were more likely to experience AMI than rural people. The prevalence of AMI in Iran is high and has increased in recent years. Therefore, to restrain the rising trend of AMI, it is necessary to make the primary and secondary prevention efforts.


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