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CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-64

Radial artery pseudoaneurysms treated by ultrasound-guided differential compression: An effective and simple method


1 Department of Cardiology , Aayush Hospitals, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Radiology, Aayush Hospitals, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Raghuram Palaparti
Aayush Hospitals, Ramachandra Nagar, Vijayawada - 520 008, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_67_18

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Transradial approach has become preferable to conventional femoral artery access for both diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention. A rare but recognizable complication of radial access is radial artery pseudoaneurysm (RAp), which represents a potentially catastrophic complication. Treatment options comprise ultrasound (USG)-guided manual compression or thrombin injection or surgical correction. In this case series, we report four cases of RAps that we encountered at a single tertiary care center from July 2015 to January 2018. We compressed the radial artery using a sphygmomanometer cuff differentially rather than a TR band proximal to the pseudoaneurysm to treat three of them. One of the patients underwent surgical repair of the pseudoaneurysm as the location of the aneurysm was not suitable for compression or thrombin injection. In our series of cases, we conclude that RAp, a rare complication of radial catheterization, was seen more commonly in elderly female patients and can be easily treated by the USG-guided differential compression, a simple and readily available method. Prevention and early diagnosis is the key to avoid serious consequences.


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