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ART AND MEDICINE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54  

Eternal magic of the pharoahs


Non-invasive Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Date of Submission30-Oct-2019
Date of Acceptance11-Nov-2019
Date of Web Publication23-Jan-2020

Correspondence Address:
Sherif Mahmoud Helmy
Non-invasive Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_113_19

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How to cite this article:
Helmy SM. Eternal magic of the pharoahs. Heart Views 2020;21:54

How to cite this URL:
Helmy SM. Eternal magic of the pharoahs. Heart Views [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Feb 24];21:54. Available from: http://www.heartviews.org/text.asp?2020/21/1/54/276529





Ancient Egyptian royalty highly valued eyeliner (latter termed Kohl by Arabs) as a health treatment and as a cosmetic that reflects social status. Eyeliner keeps them cool and prevents and treats ailments such as trachoma, chalazion, as well as conjunctivitis among others. It also shields the eye from glare and the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays and desert sand. Both green pigment (made of malachite) and black pigment (made of galena/lead sulfide and known as “Mestem”) were applied to eyebrows in the Middle and New Kingdoms. Egyptian queens and noble women have applied it traditionally since the Predynastic Period of Egypt (3100 BC).

There is also growing evidence that other lower-class citizens used it as well. The Egyptian medical papyri contain numerous recipes for the treatment of eye ailments. In Papyrus Ebers (1550 BC), green eye-paint was used in 18 prescriptions and black eye-paint in 65.






 

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