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   2013| October-December  | Volume 14 | Issue 4  
    Online since February 12, 2014

 
 
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HISTORY OF MEDICINE
The air of history (Part V): Ibn Sina (Avicenna): The great physician and philosopher
Rachel Hajar
October-December 2013, 14(4):196-201
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126893  PMID:24696763
  4,850 113 3
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Clinical presentation, management and outcome of acute coronary syndrome in Yemen: Data from GULF RACE - 2 registry
Al-Motarreb Ahmed, Al-Matry Abdulwahab, Al-Fakih Hesham, Wather Nawar
October-December 2013, 14(4):159-164
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126880  PMID:24695681
Background: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is increasing in Yemen in recent years and there are no data available on its short and long-term outcome. We evaluated the clinical pictures, management, in-hospital, and long-term outcomes of the ACS patients in Yemen. Design and Setting: A 9-month prospective, multi-center study conducted in 26 hospitals from 9 governorates. The study included 30-day and 1-year mortality follow-up. Patients and Methods: One thousand seven hundred and sixty one patients with ACS were collected prospectively during the 9-month period. Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), including non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina were included . Conclusions: ACS patients in Yemen present at a relatively young age with high prevalence of Smoking, khat chewing and hypertension. STEMI patients present late, and their acute management is poor. In-hospital evidence-based medication rates are high, but coronary revascularization procedures were very low. In-hospital mortality was high and long-term mortality rates increased two folds compared with the in-hospital mortality.
  2,126 149 -
A comparative study of the C-reactive protein and the ST-score (ECG) as prognostic indicators in acute myocardial infarction in a rural resource-constrained hospital setting in central India: A cross-sectional study
Jyoti Jain, Udit Ravinder Narang, Vishakha Vinay Jain, Om P Gupta
October-December 2013, 14(4):171-178
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126882  PMID:24696759
Context: The electrocardiogram remains a crucial tool in identification of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been found to be strong predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD) and future cardiovascular events. Aims: The aim of the present study was to compare hs-CRP and ST-Score (STS) as prognostic indicator in acute ST segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) in central rural India. Settings and Design: Cross sectional study, rural hospital in central India. Material and Methods: In all patients of STEMI, STS, ST index and hs-CRP were measured on admission and serially. The Primary outcome was all cause mortality at 30 days. Secondary outcome were heart failure, life threatening arrhythmia, cardiogenic shock, re-infarction, hospital stay and re-admission. Statistical analysis used: We used Student's t test to compare means, Chi-square test to compare proportions and Mann Whitney test to compare medians. P value <0.05 will be considered significant. Crude odds ratios were computed to assess the strength of association between risk factors and independent variable along with 95% confidence intervals. Results: STS was significantly higher in patients with poor outcome, when compared with good outcome (20.27mm vs.12.47mm, P = 0.002). On multivariate regression model STS was significant predictor of composite outcome events (OR = 2.74; 95% [CI], 1.46 to 5.17; P = 0.002). The area under the ROC curve was 0.70, with sensitivity of 73.5%, specificity of 58.7%; PPV of 68.3% and NPV of 64.2%. hs-CRP in patients with poor outcome vs. good outcome (6mg/L vs. 3.74mg/L, P = 0.003) and (P = 0.06, 0.85 and 0.12) respectively. Conclusions: STS on admission is independent predictor while hs- CRP is not in resource constrained settings.
  2,038 106 -
ABSTRACTS
ABSTRACTS from the 11 th Gulf Heart Association Conference Bahrain, February 26 - 28, 2014

October-December 2013, 14(4):192-195
  1,822 58 -
CASE REPORTS
Inadvertent temporary pacemaker lead placement in aortic sinus
Naveen Garg, Nagaraja Moorthy
October-December 2013, 14(4):182-184
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126885  PMID:24696761
Inadvertent placement of pacing leads into abnormal locations is potentially very dangerous. However, in emergency situations and without fluoroscopic guidance, these complications do occur. We report a case of an elderly male who underwent temporary pacemaker lead implantation without fluoroscopic guidance for cardiac arrest, but later the pacemaker lead was found to be in the non-coronary aortic sinus, but still capturing the myocardium. Interestingly, the post-pacing electrocardiography was mimicking atrial pacing.
  1,772 89 -
Recurrent transient apical cardiomyopathy (Tako-Tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction) in a postmenopausal female with diffuse esophageal spasms
Jorge A Brenes Salazar
October-December 2013, 14(4):185-189
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126888  PMID:24695751
Transient apical cardiomyopathy, also known as Takot-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction, is a clinical syndrome characterized by reversible left ventricular dysfunction at the apex with preserved basal contractility, in the setting of new ST and T wave changes suggestive of ischemia but no evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease on angiography. The main mechanism appears to be intense neuroadrenergic myocardial stimulation with endothelial dysfunction of the coronary vasculature. It has been noted that patients with esophageal spasms also have a tendency for coronary spasms. We present the case of a postmenopausal female with documented severe esophageal spasms who presented with atypical angina and recurrent Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy.
  1,781 60 -
Fatal acute right heart failure in gastric cancer patients
Sang-Hoon Seol, Bo-Min Park, Han-Young Jin, Doo-Il Kim
October-December 2013, 14(4):179-181
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126883  PMID:24696760
Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a rare condition causing pulmonary artery hypertension and acute right heart failure in patients with cancer. However, chest computer tomography shows negative finding of pulmonary thromboembolism. Serum D-dimer level may be elevated. Echocardiography reveals a dilated right ventricle and feature of pulmonary artery hypertension. Establishing this diagnosis can be very difficult, and most cases are diagnosed during autopsy, although a history of cancer may be a predictor. PTTM should be considered in all patients with apparent pulmonary artery hypertension and elevated D-dimer level, particularly when the patient is known to have an underlying malignancy, especially adenocarcinoma and most of all, the clinical manifestation is very rapidly progressive.
  1,554 87 -
A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS
Exercise-induced complete AV block
Srivats Nadig, Pranjal Agarwal, Sudeep Kumar, Aditya Kapoor
October-December 2013, 14(4):190-191
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126889  PMID:24696762
  1,349 95 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Functional assessment of the dynamic profile of tricuspid annular motion
Angel López-Candales
October-December 2013, 14(4):165-170
DOI:10.4103/1995-705X.126881  PMID:24696758
Background: Maximal systolic tricuspid annulus (TA) descent by M-mode (MM) is a well described and accepted standard reference of right ventricular (RV) systolic function; however, the contribution of each individual TA contour during the cardiac cycle has not been well characterized. Therefore, the aim of this study was to define each peak and nadir component of the constantly moving annulus. Material and Methods: Standard echocardiographic data was collected from 35 patients over a wide range of both normal and abnormal RV systolic function. Time to onset and total duration of each recognizable component of the TA tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) signal was measured and correlated to each individual change in contour of the TA, obtained by MM, during the cardiac cycle. Results: In this heterogeneous patient population, careful measurement of each recognizable component of the TA TDI signal corresponded to conformational changes in the TA contour. Furthermore, these TA TDI intervals were imprinted into the TA MM tracing and precisely identified specific systolic as well as diastolic events, regardless of RV systolic function or pulmonary hypertension severity. Conclusions: Careful observation of the constant dynamic motion of the TA, aided by high temporal resolution MM, allows better understanding of each individual component of annular motion. It appears that each peak and nadir component not only is useful in characterizing RV systole and diastole, but also would be invaluable to assess the functional relationship that exists between the right atria and ventricle; particularly, when annular motion directly reflects the contribution of both cardiac chambers.
  824 69 -
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