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Table of Contents
EDITORIAL
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-14  

The importance of the First Jordanian Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry


Department of Adult Cardiology, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Date of Web Publication15-May-2017

Correspondence Address:
Jassim Al-Suwaidi
Department of Adult Cardiology, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, P. O Box. 3050, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_29_17

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How to cite this article:
Al-Suwaidi J. The importance of the First Jordanian Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry. Heart Views 2017;18:13-4

How to cite this URL:
Al-Suwaidi J. The importance of the First Jordanian Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry. Heart Views [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Sep 21];18:13-4. Available from: https://www.heartviews.org/text.asp?2017/18/1/13/206197

In this issue of Heart Views, Alhaddad et al. report on The First Jordanian Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Registry 1(JoPCR1).[1]

Heart disease remains the major cause of death worldwide. To date, most of the data about patients with cardiovascular diseases were reported from the developed countries. Although cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the Middle East, data about Middle Eastern patients with acute cardiac conditions are scarce.[2]

The Gulf Heart Association(GHA), a regional and professional cardiac society in the Middle East, located in the Gulf Cooperation Council(GCC) countries, has launched several multicenter, multinational registries for acute coronary syndrome(ACS),[3],[4] atrial fibrillation,[5] and heart failure.[6],[7] The Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events(Gulf RACE)(conducted in 2007 and included 8169patients) and Gulf RACE-2(conducted in 2009 and included 7939patients) were on Middle Eastern patients and from the GCC states, namely, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.[3] Gulf RACE-2 had 1-year follow-up.[4]

The registries of Gulf RACE and Gulf RACE-2 provide valuable information to health-care officials. Overall, patients were younger when compared to registries from thedeveloped countriesand were more likely to be diabetic. The care provided was comparable to that of the developed countries; while other aspects were clearly suboptimal such as [1] underutilization of emergency medical services(EMS)-only 17% of patients in Gulf RACE presented to the emergency department by EMS,[6],[2] the use of fibrinolytic therapy as the primary reperfusion modality for ST-elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI) patients, and [3] the underutilization of cardiac catheterization for patients admitted with ACS. Notwithstanding, the overall mortality rates were low and attributable in part to the younger age group and the high use of evidence-based medical therapy.[3],[4] These findings have significant implications for improving care and outcome of ACS patients from Gulf countries.

The GHA subsequently conducted the Gulf CARE registry– first multicenter acute heart failure registry in the Middle East, which enrolled patients from 47 hospitals in 7 Middle Eastern countries.[5],[6] The mean age of patients in this heart failure registry was a decade younger with a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus(DM) when compared to their Western counterparts, which is also consistent with the findings from Gulf RACE and Gulf RACE-2 registries.[3],[4]

The first JoPCR1 reported in this edition [1] complements the previously reported cardiovascular registries from the Middle East. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first Percutaneous Coronary Intervention(PCI) registry from the region and is reported from a different Middle Eastern country(Jordan) when compared to previous reports(Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the UAE, the KSA, Oman, and Yemen). Interestingly, the mean age(56years) of patients in this registry and prevalence of DM(53%) are consistent with those reports from Gulf RACE, Gulf RACE-2, and Gulf CARE. The majority of patients in the JoPCR1 underwent PCI for ACS(77%) including 30% who had PCI for STEMI. Of those treated, 60% had one stent and 27% had two stents. The in-hospital and 1-year mortality rates are very low and consistent with the international standards(0.78% and 1.94%, respectively).

The current registry highlights the importance of conducting registries in various cardiovascular diseases in the Middle East to monitor and improve patients' outcomes. Finally, the impressive similarity between Middle Eastern patients with various cardiac diseases in regards to age and various cardiovascular risk factors suggests the urgent need to plan major cardiovascular registries that include patients from various Middle Eastern countries.

 
   References Top

1.
AlhaddadIA, TabbalatR, KhaderY, Al-MousaE, IzraiqM, NammasA, etal. Outcomes of Middle Eastern patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: The primary analysis of the first Jordanian PCI registry. Heart Views 2017;18:6-10.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Al SuwaidiJ. Acute coronary syndrome in the Middle East. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2011;13:287-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
ZubaidM, RashedWA, AlmahmeedW, Al-LawatiJ, SulaimanK, Al-MotarrebA, etal. Management and outcomes of Middle Eastern patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes in the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events(Gulf RACE). Acta Cardiol 2009;64:439-46.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.
AlhabibKF, SulaimanK, Al-MotarrebA, AlmahmeedW, AsaadN, AminH, etal. Baseline characteristics, management practices, and long-term outcomes of Middle Eastern patients in the second Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events(Gulf RACE-2). Ann Saudi Med 2012;32:9-18.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.
ZubaidM, RashedWA, Alsheikh-AliAA, AlmahmeedW, ShehabA, SulaimanK, etal. Gulf Survey of Atrial Fibrillation Events(Gulf SAFE): Design and baseline characteristics of patients with atrial fibrillation in the Arab Middle East. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2011;4:477-82.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]    
6.
SulaimanKJ, PandurangaP, Al-ZakwaniI, Alsheikh-AliA, Al-HabibK, Al-SuwaidiJ, etal. Rationale, design, methodology and hospital characteristics of the first Gulf Acute Heart Failure Registry(Gulf CARE). Heart Views 2014;15:6-12.  Back to cited text no. 6
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
7.
SulaimanK, PandurangaP, Al-ZakwaniI, Alsheikh-AliAA, AlHabibKF, Al-SuwaidiJ, etal. Clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute heart failure patients: Observations from the Gulf acute heart failure registry(Gulf CARE). Eur J Heart Fail 2015;17:374-84.  Back to cited text no. 7
[PUBMED]    



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