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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 157-160

Isolation unit: A new way to practice at heart hospital, Qatar during the corona virus -2019 pandemic


Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulrahman Arabi
Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, P. O. Box 3050, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_142_20

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Background: The novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly around the world and was declared as the second pandemic of the 21st century. The first case was detected in Qatar on February 29, 2020. In order to protect patients and staff in Heart Hospital, the only tertiary cardiac center in Qatar, new measures were implemented to reduce the spread of infection in our hospital. Methodology: A 13-bed high dependency isolation unit was allocated to receive cardiac patients with appreciate infection control measures. Another isolation unit was also established in coronary care unit for critical patients. All patients admitted to Heart Hospital were tested for COVID-19 on admission. Patients were transferred out of isolation, if result was negative. Patients with positive results were either transferred to a COVID facility before or after planned cardiac procedure depending on their cardiovascular disease risk. Results: Six hundred and seven patients were admitted to both the isolation units, most of them were men (89%). Forty-four percent were diagnosed with ST elevation myocardial infarction, 22% were non-STEMI or unstable angina, 17% were decompensated heart failure, 7% were elective cases for coronary angiography or electrophysiology procedures, 8% for other diagnosis, and 1% for both cardiac arrest and post cardiac surgery. 85.2% of the patients admitted to isolation units were tested negative and transferred to normal wards to complete their treatment. Eighty percent of the patients tested positive or reactive for COVID-19 had epidemiological risk, 8.4% had suggestive symptoms, and 11.6% had abnormal chest X-ray. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the importance of the isolation unit with infection control measures in controlling the transmission of COVID-19 in a hospital setting such as the Heart Hospital. Epidemiological risk factors including recent travel, close contact with suspected or confirmed cases within 14 days or less, living in shared accommodation or living in lockdown area were the main risk factors for spreading COVID-19 infection which can be managed by minimizing social activities.


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