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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 161-165

The impact of SARS-CoV-2 on ST-elevation myocardial infarction volume, time to presentation, and door-to-balloon time: A report from a high-volume statewide primary percutaneous intervention program


Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulrahman Arabi
Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, P. O. Box 3050, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_159_20

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Background: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak has affected ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) care worldwide. Reports from China, Europa, and North America showed a significant decline in STEMI volume with a simultaneous increase in time from symptoms to hospital presentation. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the effect of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) volume performed for STEMI, symptom onset to hospital presentation time (symptom-to-door [S2D]), and door-to-balloon time (D2B) at the main nationwide PPCI center in Qatar. Methods: A retrospective evaluation of prospectively collected quality improvement cardiac catheterization data in Qatar was performed. PPCI volume and S2D and D2B time during the outbreak from March 9, 2020, to May 14, 2020, were compared with that of the same period from the prior year and the period immediately preceding the outbreak. Results: Since the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in Qatar, 137 PPCI procedures were performed. There was a 40% reduction in the volume of PPCI when compared with the period immediately preceding the outbreak and 16% reduction in volume when compared with that of the same period in 2019. The median S2D time was 115 min (interquartile range [IQR: 124]), which was not statistically different from that of the preceding period or the same period in 2019. D2B time during the outbreak increased by an average of 7 min when compared with that of the same period preceding the outbreak (median: 47 min [IQR: 28] during the outbreak vs. median: 40 min [IQR: 21] during the preceding period, P = 0.016). Conclusion: In a statewide PPCI program in Qatar, we observed a mild reduction in PPCI cases during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak (16% when compared with the same period in 2019), with a modest increase in D2B time. PPCI can be performed effectively during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak at very high-volume centers with the adoption of strict infection control measures. With proper training and monitoring, both target D2B and hospital staff safety can be achieved.


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